DINOWEB - dinosaurs web-site  

Complete Data Base of Paleozoic and Mesozoic Tetrapods.
Paleo-News and illustrations. Big electronic PDF-library.

line decor
line decor

Download PDF Paleolibrary


?????????? ?????????
сайт о динозаврах
??????? ?????????

рейтинг сайтов
Free Hit Counters

Free Counter
hit counter javascript

myspace hit counter
Powered by counter.bloke.com

Locations of visitors to this page


Basal Reptilians, Marine Diapsids, and Turtles: The Flowering of Reptile Diversity

December 30 , 2016:

Reptiles form the most diverse clade of living land vertebrates. They include lizards, snakes, crocodiles, birds, and turtles, as well as many fossil groups. In this chapter we revise the otic anatomy of early reptilians, including some aquatic groups and turtles. Basal members possessed a stout stapes that still retained its ancestral bracing function, and they lacked a tympanic membrane. The acquisition of tympanic hearing did not happen until later in the evolution of the clade and occurred independently in both parareptiles and diapsids. Parareptiles also show additional otic modifications that are convergent with much later reptilians, which are potentially related to the evolution of more terrestrial habits. In contrast, in aquatic reptiles, such as ichthyosaurs, thalattosaurs, and sauropterygians, the otic anatomy and hearing capacities are adapted to an aquatic medium, resulting in many convergences in their otic anatomy. In turtles, however, there are differences in the configuration and morphology among Triassic and modern taxa.

Gabriela Sobral, Robert Reisz, James M. Neenan, Johannes Müller and Torsten M. Scheyer (2016)
Basal Reptilians, Marine Diapsids, and Turtles: The Flowering of Reptile Diversity
The Ear of Mammals: From Monotremes to Humans.
Evolution of the Vertebrate Ear: Evidence from the Fossil Record.
Springer Handbook of Auditory Research 59: 207-243
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46661-3_8


Hosted by uCoz